Marsiya is a form of elegiac poetry that originated in Arabic literature and was later adopted by Persian and Urdu poetry. It is a type of poetry typically recited to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, and his companions at the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD. Muharram Marsiya is an integral part of Shia Islamic culture and is often recited during the holy month of Muharram.

Marsiya is a form of poetry characterized by its mournful and melancholic tone. It is typically written in rhyming couplets and is often accompanied by music. The poetry is meant to evoke a sense of sadness and grief in the listener and to commemorate the sacrifices made by Imam Hussain and his followers.

Top 10 Marsiya List

Here are the top 10 Marsiya that has gained fame over the years.

  1. Saadat Hasan Manto’s “Hindustan Hamara”
  2. Mirza Dabeer’s “Karba-o-Khoon”
  3. Mir Anees’s “Martyrdom of Imam Hussain”
  4. Mirza Ghalib’s “Marsiya-e-Ghalib”
  5. Allama Iqbal’s “Shikwa-e-Hussain”
  6. Hasrat Mohani’s “Marsiya-e-Azadari”
  7. Nazeer Akbarabadi’s “Marsiya-e-Azadari”
  8. Josh Malihabadi’s “Marsiya-e-Azadari”
  9. Jigar Moradabadi’s “Marsiya-e-Azadari”
  10. Syed Sajjad Hussain’s “Marsiya-e-Azadari”

Famous Marsiya

Some of the most famous Marsiya include “Zehra Ki Shadi” by Mirza Dabeer, “Aa Gaya Bazaar-e-Shaam” by Mirza Ghalib, and “Karbobala Ki Kahani” by Mir Anees. These works are celebrated for their powerful imagery and evocative language.

Example Of A Marsiya

An example of a Marsiya is the following excerpt from Mir Anees’s “Martyrdom of Imam Hussain”:

“Mere Bhai Mere Mola Tujhe Yad Karta Hoon,
Hai Ye Jaan Meri, Daman-e-Abbas Tera Hai,
Ghurbat Hai Meri Tujhse Judaai Ki Takleef Hai,
Kya Rakha Hai In Me Ye Duniya Bhi, Maal Bhi,
Kya Rakha Hai In Me Ye Duniya Bhi, Maal Bhi,
Kya Rakha Hai In Me Ye Duniya Bhi, Maal Bhi,
Mere Bhai Mere Mola Tujhe Yad Karta Hoon.”

This couplet expresses the speaker’s grief and devotion to Imam Hussain, as he remembers him and his brother, Abbas. The speaker laments his own poverty and the pain of separation from Hussain, suggesting that the world and its riches hold no meaning without the presence of the beloved martyr.


Marasiya is a deeply emotional and powerful form of poetry that has played an important role in Shia Islamic culture for centuries. Its ability to evoke grief and mourning in listeners has made it a lasting and enduring art form. The top 10 Marsiya listed above, as well as the famous examples provided, serve as a testament to the impact and influence of this powerful poetic tradition.